Louay Labban, Zeina Malek
pen Access Library Journal 2018, Volume 5, e4654
Visceral fat is technically the excess accumulation of intra-abdominal adipose tissue. This type of fat is stored further underneath the skin than subcutane-ous fat and it’s actually wrapped around major organs, including liver, pan-creas and kidneys. Studies have shown that visceral fat plays a distinctive and potentially dangerous role affecting hormones function and it is also asso-ciated with increased risks of a number of health problems. Many indicators have been used to link visceral fats to chronic diseases including diabetes type 2, CVD, and arthritis. Anthropometric measurements, such as BMI, skinfold thickness, fat percentage, Waist Circumference, Hip Circumference and Waist/Hip Ratio indicating abdominal obesity. Dietary patterns also play a major role in overweight and obesity and in the amount of visceral fat ac-cumulated in the body. The aim of the study was to find the association be-tween visceral fat and chronic disease and also to identify the link between di-etary patterns and chronic diseases. 61 males and 67 females participated in this study. Their anthropometric measurements were recorded together with their lipid profile and their energy intake and the number of servings of fruits, vegetables and dairy were also registered. The results have shown that females had higher BMI, waist and hip circumference, values of LDL, TG, TC and HDL than males and difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Waist/Hip ratio was higher in females but skinfold thickness was higher in males. Energy intake was almost similar in males (2800 kcal) and females (2700 kcal) but females consumed more calories from CHO and fewer calories from protein and fat. They also consumed less fruits and dairy products. However, they consumed similar number of servings of vegetables. More fe-males were diagnosed with chronic diseases such as diabetes, CVD, hyperten-sion and arthritis comparing to their males counterpart.
BMI, Visceral Fats, Waist Circumference, Waist to Hip Ratio, Diabetes, Hypertension, CVD
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